Adam And Eve, 22 Adam Va Eva Ý Tưởng

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Adam & Eve, in the Judeo-Christian and Islamic traditions, the original human couple, parents of the human race.

In the Bible there are two accounts of their creation. According to lớn the Priestly (P) history of the 5th or 6th century bce (Genesis 1:1–2:4), God on the sixth day of Creation created all the living creatures and, “in his own image,” man both “male và female.” God then blessed the couple, told them to be “fruitful và multiply,” và gave them dominion over all other living things. According khổng lồ the lengthier Yahwist (J) narrative of the 10th century bce (Genesis 2:5–7, 2:15–4:1, 4:25), God, or Yahweh, created Adam at a time when the earth was still void, forming him from the earth’s dust & breathing “into his nostrils the breath of life.” God then gave Adam the primeval Garden of Eden lớn tend but, on penalty of death, commanded him not khổng lồ eat the fruit of the “tree of knowledge of good và evil.” Subsequently, so that Adam would not be alone, God created other animals but, finding these insufficient, put Adam khổng lồ sleep, took from him a rib, và created a new companion, Eve. The two were persons of innocence until Eve yielded lớn the temptations of the evil serpent and Adam joined her in eating the forbidden fruit, whereupon they both recognized their nakedness & donned fig leaves as garments. Immediately God recognized their transgression và proclaimed their punishments—for the woman, pain in childbirth & subordination khổng lồ man and, for the man, relegation khổng lồ an accursed ground with which he must toil & sweat for his subsistence.

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Their first children were Cain và Abel. Abel, the keeper of sheep, was highly regarded by God and was killed by Cain out of envy. Another son, Seth, was born lớn replace Abel, & the two human stems, the Cainites and the Sethites, descended from them. Adam and Eve had “other sons and daughters,” & death came to lớn Adam at the age of 930.

The Hebrew Bible, or Christian Old Testament, does not elsewhere refer to lớn the Adam and Eve story, except for the purely genealogical reference in I Chronicles 1:1. Allusions occur in the apocryphal books (i.e., highly regarded but noncanonical books for Jews và Protestants; deuterocanonical books for Roman Catholics và Orthodox). The story was more popular among the writers of the pseudepigrapha (i.e., noncanonical books for all traditions), which include the Life of Adam và Eve, told with much embellishment.

In the Christian New Testament, Adam is a figure of some theological importance in the Pauline writings. Paul sees Adam as a forerunner lớn Christ, “a type of the one who was lớn come” (Romans 5:12). As Adam initiated human life upon earth, so Christ initiates the new life of humanity. Because of the sin of Adam, death came upon all. Because of the righteousness of Christ, life is given to lớn all. Thus, in Paul’s theology, it was Adam’s sin và not failure lớn observe the Law of Moses that made the Gentiles sinners; therefore, Jews and Gentiles alike stand in need of the grace of Christ.

In later Christian theology, the concept of original sin took hold—a sin in which humankind has been held captive since the Fall of Adam và Eve. The doctrine was based on Pauline Scripture but has not been accepted by a number of Christian sects and interpreters, especially among those Christians who consider the story of Adam & Eve less a fact & more a metaphor of the relation of God & man.


In the Qurʾānic version of the story of Adam and Eve (related largely in surahs 2, 7, 15, 17, & 20), Allah (God) created Adam from clay but exalted him with such knowledge that the angels were commanded to lớn prostrate themselves before him. However, Iblīs (Satan) tempted both Adam và his “wife” in the Garden to lớn eat of the forbidden fruit. Allah then sent them down on earth, where their progeny were doomed to lớn live as enemies, but Allah, being merciful, offered Adam và his progeny eternal guidance if they would follow only him, not Satan. According khổng lồ Qurʾānic teachings, Adam’s sin was his sin alone and did not make all men sinners; Adam was responsible for his own actions, as his progeny were for theirs.


Later Islamic traditions have Adam descending from paradise lớn Sarandīb (Sri Lanka) và Eve descending khổng lồ Jiddah in Arabia; after a separation of 200 years, they met near Mount ʿArafāt and began conceiving children. The first two sons, Qābīl và Hābīl, each had a twin sister, and each son married his brother’s sister. Qābīl subsequently killed Hābīl. Later, Shīth was born without a sister & became Adam’s favourite & his spiritual heir (wasī). Eve eventually bore 20 sets of twins, & Adam had 40,000 offspring before he died.

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The Editors of Encyclopaedia 6struyenky.vn This article was most recently revised và updated by Adam Augustyn.